About Yoga

History of Yoga


Yoga is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India. Yoga is one of the six orthodox schools of Hindu philosophical traditions.  There is a broad variety of yoga schools, practices, and goals in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. The term "yoga" in the Western world often denotes a modern form of Hatha yoga, consisting largely of the postures called asanas. 

The origins of yoga have been speculated to date back to pre-Vedic Indian traditions; it is mentioned in the Rigveda, but most likely developed around the sixth and fifth centuries BCE, in ancient India's ascetic and śramaṇa movements. The chronology of earliest texts describing yoga-practices is unclear, varyingly credited to Upanishads. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali date from the first half of the 1st millennium CE, but only gained prominence in the West in the 20th century. Hatha yoga texts emerged around the 11th century with origins in tantra.

Yoga gurus from India later introduced yoga to the West, following the success of Swami Vivekananda in the late 19th and early 20th century with his adaptation of yoga tradition, excluding asanas. In the 1980s, a very different form of modern yoga, with an increasing number of asanas and few other practices, became popular as a system of exercise across the Western world. Yoga in Indian traditions, however, is more than physical exercise; it has a meditative and spiritual core. One of the six major orthodox schools of Hinduism is also called Yoga, which has its own epistemology and metaphysics, and is closely related to Hindu Samkhya philosophy.

On December 1, 2016, yoga was listed by UNESCO as an intangible cultural heritage.

The Mahabharata

 Description of an early form of yoga called nirodhayoga (yoga of cessation) is contained in the Mokshadharma section of the 12th chapter (Shanti Parva) of the Mahabharata (third century BCE). Nirodhayoga emphasizes progressive withdrawal from the contents of empirical consciousness such as thoughts, sensations etc. until purusha (Self) is realized. Terms like vichara (subtle reflection), viveka (discrimination) and others which are similar to Patanjali's terminology are mentioned, but not described. There is no uniform goal of yoga mentioned in the Mahabharata. Separation of self from matter, perceiving Brahman everywhere, entering into Brahman etc. are all described as goals of yoga. Samkhya and yoga are conflated together and some verses describe them as being identical. Mokshadharma also describes an early practice of elemental meditation. Mahabharata defines the purpose of yoga as the experience of uniting the individual ātman with the universal Brahman that pervades all things.

The Bhagavad Gita

The Bhagavad Gita ('Song of the Lord') is part of the Mahabharata and also contains extensive teachings on Yoga. The Gita "seeks to appropriate yoga from the renunciate milieu in which it originated, teaching that it is compatible with worldly activity carried out according to one's caste and life stage; it is only the fruits of one's actions that are to be renounced." In addition to an entire chapter (ch. 6) dedicated to traditional yoga practice, including meditation, it introduces three prominent types of yoga:- Karma yoga (The yoga of action), Bhakti yoga (The yoga of devotion) and Jnana yoga (The yoga of knowledge).

The Gita consists of 18 chapters and 700 shlokas (verses), with each chapter named as a different yoga, thus delineating eighteen different yogas.

About Us

Yoga - A holistic approach to health and well-being.


"Yoga is an invaluable gift of India's ancient tradition. It embodies unity of mind and body; thought and action; restraint and fulfillment; harmony between man and nature; a holistic approach to health and well-being. It is not about exercise but to discover the sense of oneness with yourself, the world and the nature. By changing our lifestyle and creating consciousness, it can help in well being..."

— Narendra Modi at the UN General Assembly.


Carrying the tradition forward, the Kolkata Yoga Club offers its members an open door from 6am through 5pm. Anyone interested in yoga could walk in and always have a trainer available. This club offers an opportunity to practice yoga at pocket friendly membership fees! Apart from service at the club, we expertise in yoga and physiotherapy services at home.

Yoga Training at your home.



Our Yoga at home service gives you access to high quality professionals keeping you fit and healthy at the comfort of your home. These certified professionals would help you as a beginner or even push you to your limit with power yoga. Get fit, lose weight, breathe better, stay healthy and much more.

Our yoga packages include Weekly reviews by Sr. Yoga Consultants, Dietician Consultation at discounted prices, make-up sessions and are extremely result oriented.

Physiotherapy at your Home.



Our experts heal both chronic and acute problems at the comfort of your home. Be it back pain, neck pain, knee pain or slightly more critical medical conditions, we ensure personalised care.

Our Physiotherapy packages include weekly reviews by Sr. Consultants, Discounts on any Diagnostics and medical examinations related to the medical condition and ensured faster results.

Book and assessment now and get a 10% discount on your package cost!

Membership types

The Kolkata Yoga Club offers Free Yoga Sessions for children upto 14 years (T & C Apply).

Contact Us

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Better yet, see us in person!

We love yoga enthusiasts, so feel free to visit during normal business hours.

The Kolkata Yoga Club

181/A/4 Picnic Garden Road, Kolkata - 700039

9836756666, 8334956666


Open today

06:00 am – 03:00 pm

After working hour sessions possible by appointment. Email us at info@kolkatayoga.club

Key Persons

Chief Patron


Dr. M. Nuruzzaman, MBBS, DMRD, MD.

Member - West Bengal Legislative Assembly,
President - Muslim Business Council of India.



Ayesha Nuzba, BSc (Hons), BEd, MSc.

Teacher and Dietician.

Professional Social Worker


Mohammad Ariff, BSc (Hons), BSW, MSW, MBA.

Atr Wireless Opr. of WPC Wing, GOI.

Life Member - Calcutta Police Sergeants' Institute.

Gen. Secretary - Muslim Business Council of India.


Vice President


Jarjis Alam, BA.
Director - Trireme Life Sciences Pvt., Ltd.
Partner - Aquamarine International

Partner - MB Construction
Proprietor - East India Seeds Corporation.

Proprietor - Marium International

Trustee - AKM Hassanuzzaman Foundation.